The National Academies Press, The immediate and long—term risks associated with adolescent alcohol use underscore the need for effective prevention and treatment programs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol Suppl. Some school—based programs are aimed at adolescents who have already begun drinking.
Acute consequences of underage drinking include unintentional death and injury associated with driving or engaging in other risky tasks after drinking, homicide and violence, suicide attempts, sexual assault, risky sexual behavior, and vandalism and property damage.
Research is mixed, however, on whether these positive views of alcohol actually lead to underage drinking. Association between early—onset alcoholism and the dopamine D2 receptor gene.
Carrying a weapon increases the dangers associated with drinking; not surprisingly, injuries due to a physical fight were more common among frequent heavy drinkers 13 percent than for nondrinking peers only about 2 percent. Understanding the underlying causes of this variability, both genetic and nongenetic, should provide insights into underage drinking and binge—drinking patterns.
This Alcohol Alert describes some of the most harmful consequences of underage drinking as well as prevention and treatment approaches that can be applied successfully to meet the unique needs of this age group.
Adolescent substance use outcomes 4 years following baseline. Youth who start drinking before the age of 15 are five times more likely to develop alcohol dependence or abuse in their lifetimes than those who begin drinking at age 21 years or later. Clinical and Experimental Research Consequently, alternative formats, attention to developmental transitions, and social marketing are needed to better address alcohol problems that emerge during adolescence.
Affiliations with adult male sexual partners.
In addition, sophisticated imaging techniques revealed structural differences in the brains of 17—year—old adolescents who displayed alcohol—induced intellectual and behavioral impairment. Journal of Studies on Alcoholism 61 5: For a more detailed discussion of alcohol problems in the college—age population, see Alcohol Alert No.
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis among Latinos and American Indian and Alaskan natives are the sixth leading cause of death among these groups Anderson, Effects on P during the Stroop Test.Reducing Underage Drinking: The committee has carefully considered the evidence on this important issue—the extent to which early drinking causes later drinking problems, reduces them, or has no effect at all.
Clearly predisposition and early alcohol use interact, and the effect of alcohol varies according to the degree of vulnerability. The exaggeration of underage drinking and of alcohol abuse tends to create a self-fulfilling prophesy.
The more young people believe heavy drinking occurs, the more heavily they tend to drink. They want to conform. Drinking by those under the age 21 is a public health problem.
Excessive drinking contributes to more than 4, deaths among people below the age of 21 in the U.S. each year. 10 Underage drinking cost the U.S. economy $24 billion in 11 There were aboutemergency department visits by people under age 21 for injuries and.
Underage and binge drinking is risky and can lead to car accidents, violent behavior, alcohol poisoning, and other health problems. Drinking at a young age greatly increases the risk of developing alcohol problems later in life. Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol—This intervention, designed to reduce the accessibility of alcoholic beverages to people under age 21, centered on policy changes among local institutions to make underage drinking less acceptable within the community.
Alcohol sales to minors were reduced: to year-olds were less likely to try to. Early initiation of drinking is associated with development of an alcohol use disorder later in life.
Prevention of Underage Drinking. Reducing underage drinking will require community-based efforts to monitor the activities of.Download