Case study research by robert k yin 1994

Conclusion Case studies are complex because they generally involve multiple sources of data, may include multiple cases within a study, and produce large amounts of data for analysis. How is the information kept up to date?

The program also trains investigators to understand how the gathering of data using multiple techniques strengthens the study by providing opportunities for triangulation during the analysis phase of the study. How does the electronic community network further the mission of the organization?

Building theories from case study research. Reports on case studies from many disciplines are widely available in the literature. The researcher develops each issue using quotations or other details from the data collected, and points out the triangulation of data where applicable.

Why do non-profit organization participants use the network? In Library and Information Science, case study research has been used to study reasons why library school programs close Paris,to examine reference service practices in university library settings Lawson,and to examine how questions are negotiated between customers and librarians Taylor, Throughout the design phase, researchers must ensure that the study is well constructed to ensure construct validity, internal validity, external validity, and reliability.

Reliability refers to the stability, accuracy, and precision of measurement. Yin defines the case study research method as an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context; when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident; and in which multiple sources of evidence are used Yin,p.

As patterns begin to emerge, certain evidence may stand out as being in conflict with the patterns. One researcher then examines the data of that type thoroughly.

The researcher develops a formal investigator training program to include seminar topics on non-profit organizations and their structures in each of the four categories selected for this study. Prepare the report Exemplary case studies report the data in a way that transforms a complex issue into one that can be understood, allowing the reader to question and examine the study and reach an understanding independent of the researcher.

The researcher strives to establish a chain of evidence forward and backward. Another technique, the cross-case search for patterns, keeps investigators from reaching premature conclusions by requiring that investigators look at the data in many different ways. Evaluate and Analyze the Data Within-case analysis is the first analysis technique used with each non-profit organization under study.

Conflicting perceptions, on the other hand, cause the researchers to pry more deeply. The three groups of users include people around the world who use the electronic community network, the non-profit organizations using the electronic community network to provide information to potential users of their services, and the "community" that forms as the result of interacting with other participants on the electronic community network.

The researcher selects a fifth case as a pilot case, and the investigators apply the data gathering tools to the pilot case to determine whether the planned timeline is feasible and whether or not the interview and survey questions are appropriate and effective. Determine and Define the Research Questions The first step in case study research is to establish a firm research focus to which the researcher can refer over the course of study of a complex phenomenon or object.

Field notes should be kept separate from the data being collected and stored for analysis. Yin have written about case study research and suggested techniques for organizing and conducting the research successfully.

Each object is likely to be intricately connected to political, social, historical, and personal issues, providing wide ranging possibilities for questions and adding complexity to the case study.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York. The case study method is applicable to this set of users because it can be used to examine the issue of whether or not the electronic community network is beneficial in some way to the organization and what those benefits might be.

Careful discrimination at the point of selection also helps erect boundaries around the case. Data is entered into the database. The researcher determines in advance what evidence to gather and what analysis techniques to use with the data to answer the research questions. Techniques for composing the report can include handling each case as a separate chapter or treating the case as a chronological recounting.

How did the organization make the decision to place data on the World Wide Web community network? Some researchers report the case study as a story. At the outset of the design phase, the researcher determines that only one of these networks will be studied and further sets the study boundaries to include only some of the non-profit organizations represented on that one network.

Researchers use the quantitative data that has been collected to corroborate and support the qualitative data which is most useful for understanding the rationale or theory underlying relationships. The researcher uses representative audience groups to review and comment on the draft document.

Exemplary case studies use field notes and databases to categorize and reference data so that it is readily available for subsequent reinterpretation.

Robert K. Yin

This page is created and maintained by Sue Soy ssoy ischool.1 Case Study Research. Design and Methods (, Second edition. Thousand Oaks: Sage) By Robert K.

Yin Summary General characteristics When to. CASE STUDY RESEARCH Design and Methods Second Edition Robert K.

Discovering the Future of the Case Study. Method in Evaluation Research

Yin Applied Social Research Methods Series VolumeS ~ SAGE Publications ~~ International Educational and Professional Publisher Thousand Oaks London New Deihl. Researcher Robert K. Yin defines the case study research method as an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context; when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident; and in which multiple sources of evidence are used (Yin,p.

23). case study h researc fourthedition. applied social research methods series series editors applications of case study research by robert k.

Case study research : design and methods

yin introductionto facettheory by samuel shye and dov elizur with michael hoffman graphing data by gary1. henry research methods in special education. Yin, Robert K.: Case Study Research.

Design and Methods Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, 4th ed.of developing research questions in case study research, Yin makes a strong plea for Yin quotes Miles and Huberman () as a source for. Discovering the Future of the Case Study. Method in Evaluation Research Yin, R.K.

( a). Case study research: Design and methods (2 nd ed., 1 Article Contents. Article Metrics; Related Articles; Comments; Cite. Recommended Citation. Discovering the Future of the Case Study.

Method in Evaluation Research Robert K. Yin.

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