It maintains that some things are always right and some things are always wrong. Relativism rejects the objective analysis of actions and elaborates that human actions cannot be put into rigid categories as right or wrong.
It allows there to be variety in different cultures. For example, the Nazis believed that they were right to kill millions of Jews, homosexuals and disabled people: Relativism does not consist of rigid right or wrong answers. The article "The Paralysis of Absolutophobia" by Robert Simon gives reasons why relativism is so prevalent among students today.
Stealing might be morally wrong under some circumstances, but stealing food to feed the hungry might be acceptable. Right is right and wrong is wrong; everything is black and white. Relative does not have a very objective approach. For example, values can include life, love, religious faith, freedom, relationships, health, justice, education, family and many other things.
Absolutism approaches things in an objective manner and considers an action as right or wrong. It is obvious that ethical absolutism and relativism are extreme opposites.
Kant, a German philosopher, was one of the greatest thinkers of all time, and his writings are widely used to study ethics and morality. This is why throughout history absolutism is favored even by legal systems as it is easier to uphold the laws when there is a rigid right or wrong answer.
What do we mean by "circumstances? Quick revise Absolutism Absolutism is making normative ethical decisions based on objective rules. According to moral absolutism, all moral questions have a right or wrong answer. What is morally acceptable in some cultures might not be in others.
In On Liberty, Mill writes, "The only freedom which deserves the name is that of pursuing our own good in our own way, so long as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to obtain it".
Also, because we all speak from some particular perspective, truly objective moral knowledge is impossible to attain Simon. Absolutism versus Relativism Ethical Absolutists can condemn practices such as the Nazi persecution of the Jews because Absolutist views give definite guidelines as to what is right and wrong.
Advantages of Relativism It allows for the diversity that is present in the world. Society also accepts the need to change sets of rules which used to be sufficient in previous times.
Absolutism, on the other hand, has absolute certainty. A categorical imperative is unconditional and moral. A wholly instrumental defense of freedom and rights not only leaves rights vulnerable, but fails to respect the inherent dignity of persons" Sandel.
Historical Relativism This says that what was right one hundred years ago may not be right in the present day because times and society have moved on. An action can be either right if not wrong.
Absolutists can appear to be intolerant to views of others, for example, if they are against cruelty of animals, they would be against the Islamic practice of sacrificing lambs, but Relativists would be able to see the religious significance and the importance of that practice to the Islamic community and will therefore not condemn it.
Part of the relativist view deals with utilitarianism, which was supported by John Stuart Mill. Even war or killing might be acceptable if it is fought in self-defense, or in pursuit of some greater end.
However it must be stressed that when we use these concepts, they can be used within various fields such as ethics, moralitypolitics, etc.
If we focus on moral relativism to engage in a comparison with absolute relativism, one of the key differences is that it does not dictate any universal moral truths, but recognizes the relative nature of circumstances cultural, individual, social. It is okay to have everyday standards to live by, but exceptions are always welcome since they are right and good.Key Difference – Absolutism vs Relativism Absolutism and relativism are two concepts that are associated with many terms although there is a key difference between these two words.
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Business Philosophy and Ethics. Business Ethics. Absolutism vs. Relativism. Describe which type of belief most closely mimics beliefs and why. Moral Relativism vs. Moral Absolutism Moral relativism and moral absolutism is the precise philosophy that can guide the society and help in the Essay Writing.
Get an answer for 'What's the difference between moral relativism and moral absolutism?' and find homework help for other Philosophy questions at eNotes. Free moral relativism vs moral absolutism papers, essays, and research papers. - Essay 5: On Moral Relativism Yifei Wu 1.Download